Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)

The red fox is found in nearly every corner of the Yukon from forests, fields, tundra, deserts, mountains to even in our backyards. These scavengers are successful urban dwellers feeding on mice, voles, shrews, grouse, ptarmigan and snowshoe hare among other available food sources.Their large ears and impeccable vision help them follow the faint sounds and stirrings of their pray moving in the grass or underneath thick layers of snow. With a sudden and strong leap in the air, a fox will drop on its prey with both forepaws and unsuspecting prey are none the wiser with this quick and quiet attack. 

A solitary and territorial animal, red foxes are very adaptable to new environments. Although we do not know their Yukon population estimates their numbers are fairly large and stable most likely due to their adaptive nature. Red foxes usually birth four young mid-March, about fifty-two days after conception, in a den where the kits spend their first few days of life. As months pass they are fed a steady steam of milk and semi-digested meat provided by both parents. In their third month of life the kits are weaned and learn to hunt. Come winter the young foxes are banished, each making its own way to a new home range. 

Red foxes are not always red. In fact, colour variations just like in humans occur in red foxes including silver foxes (with black fur and white highlights) and cross foxes (with black and red fur). About half of all red foxes are of the red phase while the other half are split between the two common colour phases of the cross and silver. A red fox weight will vary between 3.6 and 6.8 kg making it considerably larger than the arctic fox, but about half the weight of a coyote.